Somalia has experienced complex protracted humanitarian crisis for more than two decades due to the prolonged civil war, political instability and terrorist insurgents compounded with the climate change impacts (recurrent droughts and seasonal floods). Food insecurity continues to be one of the key challenges facing Somali people and according to the latest report of the food security and nutrition analysis unit (FSNAU), forty percentage (40%) of Somalia’s 12.3 million people about 4.9 million are chronically or acutely vulnerable and in need of humanitarian assistance as of September 2015 among 1 million face food security crisis or emergency and 3.9 million remain highly vulnerable to shocks and will need assistance, including livelihood support to prevent them slipping into “crisis” or “emergency” phases. The majority of the people in Somalia depend on pastoralism and subsistence farming for their livelihoods both vulnerable to the climate change (seasonal shocks like flooding and drought) leading to persisting humanitarian crises and hardly impacts on the already weak economy.

RAAS Interventions on Food Security & Livelihood

A. Emergency Food Aid and Safety Nets
1. Targeted general food distributions
2. Targeted supplementary feeding program
3. Blanket supplementary feeding program
4. Food voucher

B. Asset Based Livelihoods
1. Livestock Restocking
2. Support of household poultry production
3. Support of bee keeping and honey production
4. Support to river fish farming and fishponds
5. Distribution of donkey carts with live donkey animal
6. Small farmers support for crop, vegetable and fodder production through field farmers training and distribution of seeds, farming hand tools, farm pond with drip irrigation kits, green house farming, irrigation water pumps, support of fuel and tractor hours rent for land preparation

C. Productive Asset Based Livelihoods
1. Construction and rehabilitation of water pans, underground cement lined water storage (Barkad), rock
catchments, sand dams and gullies through cash for work
2. Construction, rehabilitation of irrigation canals through cash for work
3. Rehabilitation of feeder/market roads through cash for work
4. Closing of riverbanks through cash for work
5. Rehabilitation of culverts and bridges through cash for work
6. Construction of communal market shelters

D. Vocational and Entrepreneur Skill Training (VEST)
1. Small business management, basic accounting and savings
2. Soil and water conservation technologies
3. Climate smart crop and animal production technologies
4. Agro-food processing and storage
5. Hide and skins preservation and marketing
6. Basic Veterinary Clinical and Business Management Skills
7. Masonry for buildings
8. Artisans for construction of Ferro cement tanks, Jars, underground tanks, water pans, sun dams
9. Carpentry and Plumbing
10. Installation and maintenance of solar panel
11. Artisan for the construction of energy saving stoves
12. Training of auxiliary nurses
13. Training of traditional midwives to upgrade into qualified midwives
14. Basic computer literacy skills,
15. Basic programming, network, data management & computer hardware maintenance
16. ICT skills for secretarial work
17. Mobile phone repairing

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