NUTRITION AND HEALTH

NUTRITION AND HEALTH
Acute malnutrition has worsened and remains high in many parts of Somalia. Results from 28 separate nutrition surveys conducted between June and July 2016 by FSNAU and partners among rural and internally displaced populations across Somalia indicate that an estimated 193,200 children under the age of five are acutely malnourished, including 36,900 who are severely malnourished and face increased risk of morbidity and death. Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) prevalence is above the Critical threshold (15%) in 14 out of 28 rural and displaced population groups surveyed. Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is Critical (4.0-5.6%) in 7 out of 28 rural and displaced population groups surveyed. Estimates for all of Somalia based on extrapolation to areas not covered by the 28 surveys indicate that the overall number of acutely malnourished is likely to remain substantially high, with over 300 000 children under the age of five acutely malnourished, including more than 50 000 children likely to be severely malnourished. Results from the 28 surveys also show high levels of malnutrition among women of childbearing age (15-49 years old). The reported major factors that worsened the nutrition status were high morbidity, reduced milk access and family splitting during low rainfall season low (GU 2014 and Deyr 2013/14), low immunization coverage and limited access to health, safe water and sanitation facilities.

RAAS INTERVENTIONS ON NUTRITION
1. Integrated essential quality nutrition support services for the management of acute malnutrition targeted to children under five, pregnant and lactating women (PLW) at facility and outreach mobile teams
2. Provision of infant and young children feeding (IYCF) and nutrition, health and hygiene promotion (NHHP) services at facility and community level
3. Training of nutrition and health workers, Community based workers (CBWs) to provide preventive and promotive services focused on women and children
4. Nutrition and health resilience building by strengthening of the community development committee (CDCs) linked to the local governance structures to ensure resilient nutrition and health services
5. Provision of quality healthcare services against main childhood illnesses, including pneumonia, diarrhoea and measles at fixed health centers (HCs) and mobile outreach
6. Provision of multiple micronutrients to pregnant and lactating women (PLW), family planning/birth spacing services at health facilities and mobile outreach
7. Provision of emergency immunization through mobile outreach services to children under five

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